The term “thyroid nodule” refers to any abnormal growth that forms a lump on the thyroid gland. Although the majority of thyroid nodules are benign (not cancerous), a small percentage of nodules are cancerous, therefore it is important to evaluate any thyroid nodule or swelling to determine whether there is an indication of cancer.
In order to evaluate and diagnose thyroid nodules or swelling we use the following tools:
- Personal and Family history
- Physical examination
- Blood tests
- 2D ultrasound of the thyroid and neck
- Fine needle biopsy
- Other imaging tests e.g Nuclear scan or CT scan